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Mauldin Classic Herefords

Raising the right size for better efficiency and profit for small farms

A focus on Purebred and not Fullblood Lowline Angus

Some Lowline breeders want small cattle. Some want larger cattle. Some want the registry papers to say “Fullblood”.  Others want the registry papers to say “Moderator”. We have a focus on raising “purebred” and not “Fullbloods” with our Lowline Angus cattle. Our decision is based on my business training on doing research and determine what really matters when you are pursuing any project in life. In our opinion with Lowline Angus, the fact is they are considered a “beef breed cattle” and our focus is on breeding for Lowlines that are efficient, desirable, and profitable to raise. In looking at the history of Lowlines and our initial purchases of “fullblood” registered Lowlines, we were not happy with them.  

Farm Goals

Our decisions were based on the following areas:

Objectives for development of Lowline breed


Chat group discussions on Lowlines

One of the first things that got me understanding that “size” is important was topics on Lowline chat groups. Below are some of the topic subjects that were discussed with passion.

Focus on the Internet towards “smaller breed”

The Internet is full of references boasting of the Lowline smaller breed size and the benefits associated with that smaller size. It is even in the Lowline Registry website. This type of info on the Internet gives the public a belief that all Lowline cattle are small.

Breeder comment  - We fell in love with the Lowline breed mainly because of their smaller size & their docile disposition.”

Research on most effective and efficient size for beef cattle breeds

Evolution of ranchers towards larger size Lowlines

There is a clear trend in ranchers moving more to larger size Lowlines compared to the initial fullblood Lowline sizes. The Lowline DNA is based on the fact the breed was developed around cattle that were slower growth than other Angus cattle. That is not normally a good trait to have in beef cattle. Fullblood Lowlines came from August 8 1992 purchase of – nine bulls, 23 heifers and seven cows were sold to seven purchasers. The purchasers formed the Australian Lowline Cattle Association.

The problem is Lowline Angus came from registered Angus cattle but the Lowline cattle were registered in a unique registry that was separate from the Australia Angus registry and the same is true in the US. If you breed a fullblood Lowline to a fullblood Angus, the offspring can only be registered as a 50% Lowline and cannot be registered in the Angus registries. This prevents breeders from bringing other Angus genetics in to add a wider variety of DNA and different characteristics. Thus, the fullblood Lowline breed is tied to the slow growth DNA from the original herd. That is different from Miniature Herefords. There is no separate registry for Miniature Herefords. They are registered with the official Hereford Association. Thus, you can breed a Miniature Hereford to a full size Hereford and get a wider variety of DNA and improve the quality while still having cattle registered as Fullbloods. There are no registered percentage Herefords.

Breeders have been breeding Lowlines with regular Angus and getting cattle that can be a great size that is between the smaller Lowlines and the larger Angus cattle. Many breeders are crossing Lowlines with Angus cattle and selling the bull calves for breeding with commercial herds that give the rancher a little smaller calf but the calf will grow up to be close to the size of regular Angus cattle. An improvement in birthing problems but basically getting the good mature size.

Look through the Ledger Magazine from the Lowline Registry. Look at the ads to see how many say something about “Moderator” bloodlines. These are cattle that are from a cross between a Lowline and any other breed or a regular Angus. There are more and more breeders focusing on breeding Lowline Moderator cattle to get the larger size that is needed in order to get commercial ranchers seriously interested in Lowline genetics.

In our herd of Lowlines, many of them have Santa Gertrudis bloodlines in their background. This gives them greater size, more hardiness and greater resistance to disease since they are getting the resistance Lowline Angus have plus the resistance the Santa Gertrudis genetics have built up.

 Plus they sell very quickly.

MAU Pepper Jack - 4 months old purebred bull calf

 Calculating what his weaning weight would be at 205 days turned out to be around 470 lbs and the dam/ calf weaning weight ratio was around 48% which is a very nice weaning ratio when we are only working with weights estimated from a beef cattle weight tape. That gives the dam a high efficiency rating of producing good weaning weight without requiring a lot of feed. So, if he was made a steer to be taken to a sale barn at 7 months old, he would be at a great weight to bring top money at the sale.

He went out as a breeding bull.

Picture of a fullblood Lowline bull in Australia

Picture of a registered fullblood cow we purchased. She was 40” tall and weighed around 750. We decided that was too small and she was quickly sold

Texas Red Pepper at 15 months old when we purchased him for our breeding program. He is a registered Purebred Lowline and has the size we wanted.

A registered purebred Lowline cow we purchased after selling the black fullblood Lowline cow. She is a frame 2 score, 46” tall and weighs around 1,000  lbs. See her bull calf below. Sire is our Texas Red Pepper.

A picture of 4 purebred Lowline heifer calves 4 months old that were about to be picked up and headed to their new home. Buyer was tickled pink about how they looked.

We focus on registered red Purebred Lowlines. We are proud to continue to call them “Lowline Angus” and have no problem saying they are Lowlines to potential buyers, after they actually see them.

4 Month old “purebred Lowline Angus” that have only been “grass fed”.
They put a big smile on our faces every day!